The building and construction sector accounts for 40-45% of energy consumption in Europe, as well as having the largest share in the use of natural resources, by land use and by materials extraction.

 Energy use, liquid and solid waste generation, transport of construction materials, and consumption of hazardous materials are other examples of negative environmental impacts from this sector.

 Building and construction thus offers the largest single potential for energy efficiency in Europe. However, there is a lack of initiatives aimed at addressing global issues of the built environment from a lifecycle perspective.

 Water scarcity and pollution are also major challenges facing urban build environments.

 The IPCC on “Climate Change and water” has reported that water and its availability and quality will be one of the main pressures on, and issues for, societies and the environment under climate change. Automated systems offer an interesting approach to managing resources better, which the beneficiary has already been working to explore.